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Pade, Marianne
The Reception of Plutarch’s Lives in Fifteenth-Century Italy

2007, 754 s., indb
2 bind, illustreret
16,5×24,5 cm.

ISBN 978-87-635-0532-1
Serie: Renæssancestudier, vol. 14
ISSN 0902-9907

Vejl. pris575 DKK  88 $  77 €  69 £
Onlinepris460 DKK  70 $  62 €  55 £

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Plutarchs biografier over berømte græske og romerske statsmænd hører til den europæiske kulturs kernetekster, der bl.a. har leveret stof til flere af Shakespeares tragedier.

Som de fleste andre antikke græske forfattere havde Plutarch været ukendt i Vesteuropa i Middelalderen, men med Renæssancens genopdagelse af græsk sprog og kultur blev han pludselig en af periodens mest læste forfattere.

Marianne Pade gennemgår de mange latinske oversættelser af Plutarchs biografier, der blev fremstillet i 1400-tallets Italien, i en periode hvor latin var det internationale, litterære og videnskabelige sprog. Det vises, hvordan Plutarch kom til at præge renæssancekulturen i Italien, og hvordan den overvældende interesse for hans biografier kan forklares ud fra den måde, antikken blev brugt ideologisk.

Biografiernes virkningshistorie afspejler for en stor del politiske ideologier i de miljøer, hvor de blev oversat eller læst. Biografierne selv, og ofte også oversættelsesforordene, skulle fremmane aspekter af byens nationale myte eller også understøtte en bys eller en mæcens selviscenesættelse. Hvis en oversætter var politisk aktiv i den by, hvor han arbejdede, kunne disse ideologier være hans egne, og undertiden kunne han gennem sine oversættelser bidrage til at udforme dem.

Efter tekstdelen findes i bind 2 udgaver af alle oversættelsesforord og en katalog over alle bevarede håndskrifter af oversættelserne.

Marianne Pade er Professor ved Klassisk Filologi, Aarhus Universitet. Hendes primære forskning har været den klassiske tradition i Renæssancen, specielt receptionen af den antikke græske litteratur.

Emneområde | Græsk-romersk oldtid | Renæssancestudier |
Emneord | Antik litteratur | Antikreception | Biografi | Disputats | Filologi |
Specifikt emneord | Latinske tekster | Receptionshistorie |
Land | Italien |
Biograferet person | Plutarch |
Periode | 15. årh. | Klassisk oldtid |
Sprog | Engelsk | Latin |

Pressen skrev

"... Pade's study is a substantial contribution to the study of fifteenth-century Italian humanism. The transcriptions and indices of her second volume also provide resource for other scholars. The book is beautifully produced and generously illustrated."
- Julia Haig Gaisser, Renaissance Quarterly, spring 2008.

"Though much of this material had been published before, both by P. herself and by earlier scolars, there never has been a comparable effort at a comprehensive survey, and many points of detail, especially pertaining to dates, are reassessed and corrected here. On the whole this is an impressive piece of meticulous scolarship, and vol. ii contains a great amount of raw material that can be utilized. The two volumes are beautifully produced with some eye-catching illustrations; there are but a few trivial misprints and virtually no mistakes in the text. Plutarch would have loved this book."
- Joseph Geiger, Scripta Classica Israelica Vol. XXVII, 2008.

"Outstanding Title!
Pade (Univ. of Aarhus) offers a major new study about how the Italian Renaissance used ancient sources. Plutarch, a Greek, wrote lives of great Greek and Roman public figures. The Middle Ages did not know them well, partly because of the lack of good Latin translations from the Greek. By contrast, 15th-century humanists loved them. They translated lives not previously translated, produced new translations of others, and used the lives to air views about government and society. Florentine humanists used Plutarch's Lives to endorse a republican, civic ideology. Venetian humanists used the Lives to present Venice as the heir to ancient Greece and the public figures as mirrors of behavior for members of the Venetian ruling class. Guarino Guarini, by contrast, used some lives to defend Caesar against humanist republican critics. In volume 2, Pade provides detailed information about 578 manuscripts containing Latin translations of one or more lives, and prints the Latin prefaces of many. The book is comprehensively documented and has 16 lovely color illustrations. A fine combination of technically challenging research and a good understanding of the Italian Renaissance, the book is a major scholarly achievement. Summing Up: Essential. Upper-division undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers/faculty."
- P. Grendler, CHOICE, aug. 2008.

"This is the sort of work that could not have been achieved under the tyranny of the British Research Assessment Exercise. When I was a graduate student, Marianne Pade was pointed out to me as the scholar hard at work cataloguing all the humanist translations of Plutarch’s Lives. My receding hairline tells me that was more than a dozen years ago. In the meantime, her many articles have given witness to the progress of her work; the republic of letters has been patiently expectant of the final product. It was worth the wait. ...
What she has produced is a monumental and definitive two-volume work. Its closest parallel is James Hankins’s 1990 Plato in the Italian Renaissance, a work alongside which it will not blush to stand on bookshelves. Like that, it is a work of meticulous research demonstrated by the listing of manuscripts and the editions of prefaces that occupy the second tome. In the first, Pade reveals her impressive grasp of the bibliography of her subject, and her mastery of the evidence she marshalls. ...
While there will, naturally, be debates around some of the interpretation, what will make this work a monument more lasting than bronze is its status as a treasure-trove of knowledge. ...
In short, these volumes will surely attain the long shelf-life they deserve – much longer, one suspects, than many works rushed into print under the RAE regime."
- David Rundle, Renaissance Studies, Vol. 23, 1, 2008.

"Those interested in the Classical tradition in the Renaissance are fortunate to have available this voluminous and well-edited monograph by Professor Marianne Pade, who for almost twenty years has regularly published other articles on the topic. Although her work is clearly grounded in a particular place and time (Italy from ca.1400 to ca.1460 AD), Professor Pade provides a succinct and accurate background for the nonspecialist reader (1:37-87), explaining the tradition and influence of Plutarch in the Greco-Roman imperial world, in Byzantium, and in the Christian West up to the fourteenth century (above all with the mysterious Institutio Traiani, which has been a controversial topic for scholars). ...
The two volumes are a great source of information to those interested in Plutarch's tradition and translation of his texts in the fifteenth century, not only in Italy but in other countries as well, to the same level in which humanism appeared in countries such as Spain, France, etc. ...
In conclusion, the book is an excellent work and an opportunity to reflect one more time on the extraordinary role played in the history of European culture by the translator ..."
- Jorge Bergua Cavero, Sixteenth Century Journal XXXIX/4 (2008).

"She [Marianne Pade] succeeds in enhancing our insight in the dynamics of reading and translating Plutarch in the heyday of the Italian Renaissance.
... the division in two volumes works extremely well. And to add some comments on the overall lay-out of this work, P. has tried to make the book as easy a read as possibie and succeeded. ...
It is impossible to give an overview of all P.'s arguments in this very rich [first] volume. The volume as a whole sheds light on many more issues in Quattrocento research than the Plutarch translations alone.
The second volume is a real gold mine for researchers of Plutarch's fortuna in Western Europe and especially Italy. ... My brief discussion of this second volume does not do justice to this tour de force. It is this kind of catalogue that takes research to a higher level, but it is almost impossible to discuss it extensively. ...
This book will be invaluable not only for readers interested in Plutarch and his fortuna, but also for those who are studying the political and cultural atmosphere of fifteenth-century Italy."
- Werner Gelderblom, Gnomon, Band 81, 2009.

"Cette remarquable étude, qui se recommande à la lecture, permet desormais de se faire une idée extrêmement précise sur la reception de Plutarque par les érudits italiens de la Renaissance."
- M. Cacouros, Bulletin Codicologique 2010, 2.
Samtlige udgivelser på forlaget med -

Marianne Pade som redaktør

Renaissance Readings of the Corpus Aristotelicum
2000, ISBN 978-87-7289-585-7, hft
The Court of Ferrara & its Patronage / La corte di Farrara e il suo mecenatismo 1441-1598
1990, ISBN 978-87-7289-050-0, hft

Marianne Pade som forfatter

Classica et Mediaevalia 62
2013, ISBN 978-87-635-4091-9, , e-publikation
Friendship and Poetry
2004, ISBN 978-87-7289-961-9, hft
2004, ISBN 978-87-7289-984-8, hft
Classica et Mediaevalia 56
2005, ISBN 978-87-635-0492-8, hft
Classica et Mediaevalia 57
2006, ISBN 978-87-635-0512-3, hft
Renaissance Readings of the Corpus Aristotelicum
2007, ISBN 978-87-635-0842-1, e-publikation
Classica et Mediaevalia 56
2005, ISBN 978-87-635-0857-5, , e-publikation
Classica et Mediaevalia 61
2010, ISBN 978-87-635-3670-7, hft
Classica et Mediaevalia 60
2009, ISBN 978-87-635-3240-2, hft
Classica et Mediaevalia 57
2006, ISBN 978-87-635-0957-2, , e-publikation
Classica et Mediaevalia 59
2008, ISBN 978-87-635-2580-0, hft
Classica et Mediaevalia 58
2007, ISBN 978-87-635-0755-4, hft
Classica et Mediaevalia 60
2009, ISBN 978-87-635-3494-9, , e-publikation
Classica et Mediaevalia 61
2010, ISBN 978-87-635-3811-4, , e-publikation
Classica et Mediaevalia 62
2011, ISBN 978-87-635-3915-9, hft

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