The results of one summer’s work in central Northeast Greenland are presented. The avifauna in the country traversed on several extensive survey trips is described. More intensive studies were made in an 18.2 km2 census area on southernmost Hochstetter Forland. Here the population were followed throughout the breeding season, and information on arrival, pre-laying period, population densities, habitat and nest site selection, breeding schedule, clutch size, hatching success, re-nesting, non-breeders, moult, post-breeding activities and departure is given. Special attention is given to Clangula hyemalis, Somateria spectabilis, Anser brachyrhynchus, Arenaria interpres, Calidris maritima, Calidris alpina, Calidris alba, Phalaropus fulicarius and Stercorarius longicaudis. An extremely high predation pressure was caused by alopex lagopus, and this is discussed in relation to lemming abundance and environmental conditions.