Boginfo

  
 
Museum Tusculanums Forlag bruger cookies for at huske dine indstillinger. Ved at bruge sitet accepterer du dette. Accepter cookies
 
Nyhedsbrev   Print siden   

Homøe, Preben
Pneumatization of the temporal bones and otitis media in ancient and modern Greenlanders

1997, 42 s., hft.
Illustreret
19,5 x 27 cm
ISBN 978-87-635-1238-1
Serie: Monographs on Greenland | Meddelelser om Grønland, vol. 306
ISSN 0025-6676
Serie: Man & Society, vol. 22
ISSN 0106-1062



Vejl. pris170 DKK  26 $  23 €  20 £
Onlinepris136 DKK  21 $  18 €  16 £


Tegn abonnement

▼ Din mening
▼ Kunder, som har købt denne titel, købte også

Otitis media occurs frequently among modern Greenlanders. However, knowledge of the epidemiology of this disease before the twentieth century is scanty. Information on diseases in the past may give us a better understanding of the health of historical populations. This study presents a new unbiased method for estimating the incidence of infectious middle ear disease (IMED) in childhood. The method is based on the relationship between IMED in childhood and morphological evidence present in the human temporal bones - i.e. small or asymmetrical pneumatized cell areas.In a standardized X-ray projection, we examined 434 pneumatized cell areas in temporal bones from 34 living adult modern Greenlanders, 56 historical adult Greenland Eskimo crania from the period after the European colonization of Greenland in 1721 AD, and 127 prehistoric adult Greenland Eskimo crania from the period before the colonization. The resulting X-rays of the crania were of high quality and the relationship between IMED in childhood and small or asymmetrical pneumatized cell areas was confirmed in the modern Greenlanders. On this basis a polychotomous logistic regression model was applied to the pneumatized cell areas of the three groups of material. The model allowed for the interdependence of the ears and specified probabilities of having IMED in the right ear, left ear, both ears or of being healthy in both ears.The frequency of IMED as indicated by the model was 8/34 (23.5%) in modern Greenlanders, 10/56 (17.9%) in historical Eskimo crania and 6/127 (4.7%) in prehistoric Eskimo crania (p < 0.002). The mean area also differed significantly, as it was smallest in modern Greenlanders. The results thus indicated a change in the frequency of IMED and a decrease in area from historical to present-day Greenland in subjects who survived to adulthood. The change seemed closely related to the European colonization of Greenland. As IMED is closely related to upper respiratory tract infections and to poverty, the method seems well suited for evaluating general health in past societies.

 
Emneområde | Antropologi og etnologi | Arktiske studier | Arkæologi |
Emneord | Sygdomme |
Specifikt emneord | Epidemiologi | Inuit | Palæopatologi |
Verdensdel m.v. | Grønland |
Sprog | Engelsk |

Indhold

Pressen skrev


 


Indlæg offentliggøres med navn og e-mail. Forlaget forbeholder sig ret til at redigere og udelade indlæg.


Kunder, som har købt denne titel, købte også

Nipisat - a Saqqaq Culture Site in Sisimiut, Central West Greenland     Gotfredsen, Anne Birgitte & Tinna Møbjerg
Nipisat - a Saqqaq Culture Site in Sisimiut, Central West Greenland
2004

Ancient harp seal hunters of Disko Bay     Meldgaard, Morten
Ancient harp seal hunters of Disko Bay
2004

The Southernmost People of Greenland - Dialects and Memories     Vebæk, Mâliâraq
The Southernmost People of Greenland - Dialects and Memories
2006

Denmark-Greenland in the twentieth century     Kjær Sørensen, Axel
Denmark-Greenland in the twentieth century
2007

Care and conservation of manuscripts 7     Fellows-Jensen, Gillian & Peter Springborg (red.)
Care and conservation of manuscripts 7
2003





Museum Tusculanums ForlagRådhusvej 192920 Charlottenlund
Tlf. 3234 1414info@mtp.dk
CVR: 8876 8418

Bank: Danske Bank, 1092 København KBIC: DABADKKK
Reg.nr.: 1551Kontonr.: 000 5252 520IBAN: DK98 3000 000 5252520

www.mtp.dk er en e-mærket netbutik, og derfor har du altid adgang til e-mærkets gratis Forbrugerhotline, når du handler hos os.

©2004–2020 Museum Tusculanums Forlag. Alle rettigheder forbeholdes. Ved brug af dette site anerkender og accepterer du, at indholdet på dette site tilhører MTF eller tredjemand fra hvem MTF afleder sine rettigheder, samt at indholdet er ophavsretligt beskyttet og ikke må anvendes uden forudgående skriftlig samtykke fra MTF. Du anerkender og accepterer yderligere, at varemærker, kendetegn, varenavne, logoer og produkter vist på dette site, er beskyttet og ikke må anvendes uden forudgående skriftligt samtykke fra MTF.


Handelsbetingelser Juridiske betingelser Behandling af personlige oplysninger