South Greenland, extending from 59º45’ to 62º20’N., is considered a
botanical province ranking with those of West, North and East Greenland.
The province is divided into six vegetational zones, based on the
distribution of selected taxa.
A phytogeographical analysis grouped the 346 taxa into eleven distribution
types, each with two to seven subtypes. Each taxon is characterized further
by a map of its distribution in South Greenland, by its holarctic
distribution type (HDT) and climatic distribution type (CDT), and by a
chorological index value (CI).
The flora of South Greenland is compared with that of adjacent areas in
Greenland, and its affinities to the floras of Europe and North America
shows a slight predominance of the American elements.
The following new combinations are proposed: Elymus violaceus (Hornem.) J.
Feilberg, Lychnis alpina L. ssp. americana (Fern.) J. Feilberg and
Vaccinium oxycoccos L. ssp. microphyllum (Lange) J. Feilberg.