I kommission for
Carsten Niebuhr Instituttet for Nærorientalske Studier
This volume contains a complete re-edition and study of the “Fundamentals
of the Course of the Stars”. This handbook on Religious Astronomy was
hitherto known under the modern designation “Book of Nut”. Since the
standard edition in Egyptian Astronomical Texts I (eds. Neugebauer/Parker),
five new sources could be identified, some of them containing considerably
more text than those previously available. Four of them are papyri from the
temple library of Tebtunis, which are published here for the first time. It
becomes clear that the Dramatic Text in the Osireion of Abydos as a whole
forms part of the “Fundamentals”. The new sources also contain interesting
textual variants of passages already known.
Apart from the edition and translation, the study contains an exhaustive
commentary focussing especially on the hitherto neglected religious aspects
of the composition. Separate chapters deal with the relation between
monumental and papyrus copies, dating and redactional history, inner-
Egyptian practice of translating and commenting texts, the genre of
Dramatic Texts and the books cited in the ancient commentary. A method of
historical-linguistic text dating is developed.
In an appendix, another mythological papyrus is edited which enriches the
small corpus of so-called Dramatic Texts.
Alexandra von Lieven: Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Ägyptologischen
Seminar der Freien Universität Berlin