This paper is the first written contribution from a Scandinavian publisher
to the debate on knowledge dissemination and Open Access in the Nordic
countries. Its subject is the relationships governing scholarly publishing in
Scandinavia, and how the future looks for this area if one takes into account
the plans for Open Access by universities and research libraries.
presented here has its centre in scholarly publications published by university
presses, whereas the publications and journals published by learned
societies and the like are only superficially mentioned. The how and why of
the future relevance of the publishing houses is considered, with a special focus
on publishers’ editorial responsibility and their marketing skills.
The paper deals with the difference between the focus on journals of STM
publishers (Science, Technology and Medical Science) versus the concentration
of humanities and social sciences publishers on monographs. This distinction
is important in relation to the discussion of Open Access. The focus
in the paper is on the humanities and social sciences, which are the research
disciplines mostly published in Scandinavia. In these areas, Open Access
concerns not only journals, but also monographs, which are the primary form
of scholarly publication in the Nordic countries.
The takeover or closure of a number of commercial Nordic academic publishers
during the last 15 years has greatly reduced the number of print outlets
for academic books. Today there only remain small and medium-sized university
presses, and only a few of these publish in foreign languages.
The paper also discusses the lack of a positive funding policy for the support
of publishing and dissemination of Scandinavian research in the humanities
and social sciences. Additionally, it mentions the risk that small academic
publishers will be suffocated in the effort to introduce Open Access, if the
necessity of cooperation between publishers, universities and libraries is not
quickly taken into account. It is claimed that publishers have a wide scope
of added value to contribute, and that cooperation will be the best and most
cost-effective method of securing the quality of future scholarly publishing.
Alongside Open-Access publications, the same publishers will continue to be
able to publish “real” printed books or Print-on-Demand (POD) editions according
to the needs.
The paper is based on the conviction that there is need for the experience
and knowledge that each of the three existing main actors (universities, libraries,
and publishers) in academic publishing have, and that new business
models can be developed that will ensure quality and spread knowledge of
published works in the future.
The author’s experiences in the (e-)publishing business form the basis for
her conclusions. She has been with the Museum Tusculanum Press for 32
years (co-founder in 1975 and since then a member of the executive board,
managing director since 1989). She has also observed the industry as a
whole from her position as a member of the executive board of the Danish
Publishers Association since 2000 and as former chair of the Association of
Danish University Publishers. She has served in the board for the Danish
Rights Centre (CopyDan) since 2005, and been co-founder of the Digital
Forum under the Danish Publishers Associations. Since 2000 she has been
head of Museum Tusculanum Press’ project “Den Medieuafhængige Tekst og
den Elektroniske Boghandel”).
Marianne Alenius er ph.d. og direktør for Museum Tusculanums Forlag.
Samtlige udgivelser på forlaget med - |
Marianne Alenius som redaktør
Mit ubetydelige Levnets Løb
2000, ISBN 978-87-7289-005-0, hft
Marianne Alenius som forfatter
Brev til eftertiden
1987, ISBN 978-87-7289-016-6, hft
Litteratur og lærdom: Dansk-svenske nylatindage
1987, ISBN 978-87-7289-018-0, hft
Latin og nationalsprog i Norden
1991, ISBN 978-87-7289-146-0, hft
Clios døtre gennem hundrede år.
1993, ISBN 978-87-7289-274-0, hft
1997, ISBN 978-87-7289-436-2, hft
Kampen om litteraturhistorien
2004, ISBN 978-87-635-4231-9, indb
Marianne Alenius som oversætter
Octavia - kejser Neros hustru
2000, ISBN 978-87-7289-650-2, hft
Marianne Alenius som udgiver
Studenterliv under besættelsen
2009, ISBN 978-87-635-0821-6, hft
Open Access Scholarly Publishing in the Humanities and Social Sciences
2010, ISBN 978-87-635-3319-5, e-publikation