Museum Tusculanums Forlag bruger cookies for at huske dine indstillinger. Ved at bruge sitet accepterer du dette. Accepter cookies

Kapel, Finn O.
Otto Fabricius and the Seals of Greenland

2009, 150 s., e-publikation
19 x 26,5 cm
ISBN 978-87-635-3053-8
Serie: Monographs on Greenland | Meddelelser om Grønland, vol. 334
ISSN 0025-6676
Serie: Bioscience, vol. 55
ISSN 0106-1054

Fås også som trykt bog (indb.)

The life of the Danish missionary, cleric, philologist, naturalist and ethnographer Bishop Otto Fabricius (1744-1822) is reviewed in the first part of this volume. His work, and his importance as a cleric and as the author of contributions to the study of the Greenlandic language are briefly mentioned but the greatest importance is attached to his contribution to the sciences of natural history and ethnology. The work that made him famous is Fauna Groenlandica (1780), written in Latin and describing 473 animal species from Greenland, of which 130 were new to science.

Although his daily duties were related to his ecclesiastical posts, he continued to conduct and publish scientific studies throughout his life. Most of this work was written in Danish, and its distribution was thus limited however, his ethnographical works have been translated into English (Holtved 1962).

The second part of this volume contains the first translation into English of Fabricius’ treatise on the seals of Greenland. His contributions to the study of seals enjoy a unique position, since they reflect the intimate knowledge of these animals he was able to obtain, by living among seal hunters, a seal hunter himself. First he established the existence of four seal species in Greenland besides the common seal (Phoca vitulina), and provided their names to O.F. Müller (1776) secondly he presented precise descriptions of all five species in his Fauna Groenlandica (1780). Ten years later he published a comprehensive treatise on the seals of Greenland (1790 & 1791) and finally he wrote a detailed description of the seal hunting implements used by the Greenlanders (1810).

A comparison with the works of previous and contemporary authors demonstrates that Fabricius’ contributions in this field rank high, particularly because of their stamp of personal and direct observation and experience. This was acknowledged by contemporary scientists, and was still recognized well into the nineteenth century but today the name and work of Otto Fabricius seem to be known only to a few specialists.

Some later writers’ evaluations of Fabricius’ contributions to the study of natural history are mentioned in the third part of the volume, and an attempt is made to explore the character of the man behind the work.

Emneområde | Arktiske studier | Oversættelser |
Emneord | Biografi | Videnskabshistorie |
Specifikt emneord | Naturforskere | Sæler |
Verdensdel m.v. | Grønland |
Biograferet person | Otto Fabricius |
Periode | 18. årh. |
Sprog | Engelsk |


Bishop Otto Fabricius, a Wide-ranging Scholar of the Late 18th Century
Detailed description of the Seals of Greenland
Otto Fabricius, a Pioneer in the Study of Seals

Samtlige udgivelser på forlaget med -

Finn O. Kapel som forfatter

Otto Fabricius and the Seals of Greenland
2005, ISBN 978-87-635-1269-5, indb
Otto Fabricius and the Seals of Greenland
2005, ISBN 978-87-635-1269-5, indb

Museum Tusculanums ForlagRådhusvej 192920 Charlottenlund
Tlf. 3234
CVR: 8876 8418

Bank: Danske Bank, 1092 København KBIC: DABADKKK 1551Kontonr.: 000 5252 520IBAN: DK98 3000 000 5252520 er en e-mærket netbutik, og derfor har du altid adgang til e-mærkets gratis Forbrugerhotline, når du handler hos os.

©2004–2020 Museum Tusculanums Forlag. Alle rettigheder forbeholdes. Ved brug af dette site anerkender og accepterer du, at indholdet på dette site tilhører MTF eller tredjemand fra hvem MTF afleder sine rettigheder, samt at indholdet er ophavsretligt beskyttet og ikke må anvendes uden forudgående skriftlig samtykke fra MTF. Du anerkender og accepterer yderligere, at varemærker, kendetegn, varenavne, logoer og produkter vist på dette site, er beskyttet og ikke må anvendes uden forudgående skriftligt samtykke fra MTF.

Handelsbetingelser Juridiske betingelser Behandling af personlige oplysninger