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Bilde, Per
Guddommeliggørelsen af Jesus: Hvad går den ud på? Og hvornår og hvorfor fandt den sted? – Et oplæg til debat

2009, e-publikation
ISBN 978-87-635-3516-8
s. 7-37 i:
CHAOS Vol. 50



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English
In the numerous »Christologies« written in the 20th century, the causes for the deification of Jesus have not been the object of intense discussion. Since 1990, however, a new interest in this problem has emerged, in particular in the works of Larry Hurtado, Maurice Casey and Gerd Theissen. These three scholars are also convinced that an explanation of the deification of Jesus has to be found in the Jewish context of the Jesus movement. Therefore, they, and many other scholars, have searched early Jewish literature for possible analogies to the process of elevating Jesus to a divine position. The present article begins with an overview of the deification of Jesus in the writings of the New Testament, resulting in the insight that the phenomenon, which is widespread in these texts, is as early as pre-Pauline. This insight implies either that the idea of a divine Jesus may go back to the period before his death or, if it first emerged after his death, that it had very little time to develop. The second step of the article is to widen the search for analogies from early Judaism to the whole of the Hellenistic Roman world, in which incarnations of divinities and deifications of humans were not uncommon. Accordingly, the main result of this contribution is the suggestion that early Judaism, including the Jesus movement, was more influenced by its Hellenistic Roman context than usually assumed, and that it is easier to understand and explain the early deification of Jesus on this background.

 
Emneområde | Religion og teologi |
Emneord | Kristendom | Religionshistorie | Det Nye Testamente |
Specifikt emneord | Hellenisme | Jødedom |
Sprog | Dansk |





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