Nations and communities have always preserved and disseminated symbols of their identity in order to establish and consolidate their legitimacy; the changing appearance of cities and the configuration of public space through monuments and memorials have given increased visibility to such politics. This article analyses the relationship between the aesthetics of today’s Ukrainian
monuments and the programmatic aims of Socialist Realism. It gives an account of the conflicts between different forms of remembering and the structural similarities in the hierarchies of those considered worthy of monuments in the Soviet Union and the independent Ukraine, thus contributing to our understanding of how national identity is marked in today’s Ukraine.
Keywords: politics of identity, Ukraine, monuments, landscape