Summary: The anonymous author of De Martyrio Maccabaeorum (4th century ad?) builds up the mother of the boy martyrs into a masculine heroic figure mainly modeled on Virgil’s Aeneas. Her antagonist Antiochus is presented in terms strongly reminiscent of Aeneas’ enemies, while her sons are cast in the mold of Aeneas’ son Ascanius as well as his other followers. The poet’s methods tend to be indirect; we can detect dependence rather than imitation. Stylistic analysis uncovers this dependence by examining the context of corresponding passages and the cadence of corresponding hexameters.