From the beginning of the article:
Western European countries suffered labour shortages in a number of economic sectors during the post-war reconstruction period. Immigrant labour made an essential contribution to the post-war reconstruction of Germany, Britain and France. Regardless of the receiving countries’ original intentions, the migrants became settlers and the ethnic structure of many urban populations was consequently transformed.
This paper examines the labour market outcomes for Caribbean migrants and their descendants in British and French cities. Post-war France and Britain were similar in a number of ways, not least in having Caribbean colonies from which labour migrants eventually flowed to the metropolis. However, their national policies regarding the incorporation of the colonial populations differed significantly, and may have led to different experiences for the new citizens in the urban labour and housing markets.