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Utz, Richard
Remembering Ritual Murder.
The Anti-Semitic Blood Accusation Narrative in Medieval and Contemporary Cultural Memory

2005, e-publikation
ISBN 978-87-635-0415-7
s. 145-162 i:
Transfiguration Vol. 5

27 DKK  4 $   4 €

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From the beginning of the article:
In February 2002, American journalist Daniel Pearl was abducted and brutally murdered. According to various sources, the videotape of the killing shows Pearl speaking with an offscreen figure. Reportedly, Pearl says,‘Yes, I am a Jew, and my father is a Jew.’ With these words, another offscreen figure pulls back his head, and slowly severs his throat with a knife, in an Islamic fundamentalist ritual called quesas. ‘In this sadistic ritual,’ one newspaper commented, ‘the victim dies an agonizing death, gasping for air from his mangled larynx, blood spurting from his severed arteries. As he dies, his head is removed from his body – no doubt to be paraded around by the bloodthirsty fanatics who killed him.’ While the ritualistic character of Pearl’s murder was recognized by various reporters, no attention was paid to the fact that the Qu’ran does list the so-called quesas crimes, murder, manslaughter, assault, and battery, but does not prescribe specific punishment for these offenses. Rather, the victim or the victim’s family may opt for either monetary compensation or retaliation in kind. If the latter is chosen, such retributory punishment is prescribed by the Qu’ran as happening ‘in the manner of the murdered’, i.e. ‘The life for the life, and eye for the eye, and the nose for the nose, and the ear for the ear, and the tooth for the tooth.’ It is before the background of these lines that the murder of Daniel Pearl reveals itself as a reaction, a citation from within an amazingly widespread web of cultural intertexts which have accused Jews of slaughtering non-Jews for ritual reasons. Perhaps the most infamous of these intertexts, in modern memory, is the illustration on the title page of the May 1933 special edition of Julius Streicher’s Nazi journal, Der Stürmer. It depicts the ritual killing of a stereotypical ‘white Aryan’ boy by a stereotypical Jew wielding a butcher’s knife.

Emneområde | Historie | Religion og teologi |
Emneord | Religionshistorie |
Specifikt emneord | Antisemitisme | Barnemord | Jødeforfølgelse |
Verdensdel m.v. | Asien | Europa |
Land | England | Pakistan | Østrig |
Periode | 21. årh. | Middelalder |
Sprog | Engelsk |

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