The aim of this paper is to show that the real Homeric parallel to Clearchus’ speech, in different terms from that of Pseudo-Dionysius, is not that of Phoenix to Achilles but the scene between Andromache and Hector in Il. 6.392-6.502. After a scrutinous examination of both the external framing of Clearchus’ speech (An. 1.3) and the themes developed, the close connection between the two passages becomes obvious. In the third and last part of this paper I consider the more general question of coexistence of rhetorical and poetical features in the work of Xenophon as well as the true meaning of literary loans from previous authors.