In the end of the sixties a protest movement against the rationalistic rebuilding of the city of Stockholm very rapidly emerged. In the article the short history of this so-called “neighbourhood movement” is described and analysed. According to relevant theories the movement can be seen as one of the “new” social movements of this period. Some of the groups of the movement are presented as well as the structure of the movement and the external and internal work in the groups. This neighbourhood movement came to an end around 1980. However, in the early nineties another protest movement against the new kind of city-planning at that time in Stockholm emerged. The reason for this was the city’s efforts to construct a good infrastructure in order to rebuild Stockholm into a global city in competition with other big cities. This contemporary protest movement is also shortly described in the article. As it is shown the movement is very different from the earlier neighbourhood movement. It reflects the fragmentation, individualisation and globalisation of today’s post-modern society.