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Schmidt, Regin
The Bureau and the Red Scare.
Chapter 3 in Red Scare

, e-publikation
ISBN 978-87-635-0004-3
s. 83-125 i:
True

53 DKK  8 $   7 €


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This is the third chapter of Red Scare.

From the beginning of the chapter:
It might be argued that besides responding to the larger policies of the federal government, the Bureau of Investigation's course during the Red Scare was to a large degree influenced by its institutional interests and ideology. Like the military intelligence agencies, the Bureau had experienced a dramatic growth during the war. For example, its budget had increased from a mere $485,000 in fiscal year 1916 to $1,100,000 in FY 1918 and $2,350,000 in FY 1919, and at the same time the staff of special agents had increased from only 300 just before America's entrance into the war in 1917 to 579 in 1920. With the Armistice, however, the Bureau not only faced a halt in this bureaucratic expansion but even a cut-back to pre-war levels. First of all, the legal basis for the Bureau's internal security investigations was made up of a number of wartime laws, such as the Espionage Acts of 1917 and 1918 and the Selective Service Act, and it was generally held, even by Justice Department officials and conservative politicians, that they were only temporary and would not be enforced with the end of hostilities. Secondly, President Wilson had been determined to avoid the establishment of a permanent internal security apparatus during the war, and he therefore opposed military jurisdiction in espionage and sabotage cases and approved that the government utilize the services of volunteers, who would be discharged after the war.
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Emneområde | Historie | Samfunds­videnskaberne og politik |
Emneord | Patriotisme |
Specifikt emneord | Bureaukrati |
Land | USA |
Periode | 20. årh. |
Sprog | Engelsk |


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