The changes Moscow has been undergoing as a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union are dramatic. Social and structural change is accompanied and influenced by architectural and urban change. The tasks of the city planners include reconstruction of the historic fabric of the city as well as providing the basis for a post-modern world city. Although contradictory to an extent, these two aspects drive the discourse of urban development: heritage has become a cultural and economic commodity. As befits a capitalist city, the results of such a development include the creation of winners and losers – gentrifiers moving into restored city centre locations and ordinary citizens leaving for the high-rises on the outskirts.